At the forefront of medicine and technology, we are proud to offer these incredible, uncompromised replicas of human anatomy. Using the latest 3D printing technology and materials available, this model is an exact replica of a human cadaver, brought to "life" by extensive medical scanning and manufacturing technologies. Over are the days of using ethically questionable cadavers, the mess of hazardous preservation chemicals, and the inaccuracies of plastinated models that often over-enhance anatomy for display, not realism. See the future, and the beauty, of real human anatomy with these incredible anatomical replicas!
This 3D print shows the origin and insertion of biceps (most other arm and shoulder muscle bellies have been removed). The long head of biceps arises from the supraglenoid tubercle (hidden from view) and travels inferiorly in the bicipital groove, whereas the short head of biceps arises from the coracoid process. The bifid insertion of the muscle as the bicipital aponeurosis and the rounded tendon which can be seen winding around the radius to insert into the radial tuberosity are clearly discernable. At the shoulder region the dissected attachments of some muscles (subclavius, subscapularis, pectoralis major, teres minor, infraspinatus, long head of triceps) and the tendinous insertion of latissimus dorsi can be identified close to the 'floor' of the medial lip of the bicipital groove.
The tendon of teres major lies on the medial lip of the groove and the pectoralis major tendon inserts into the lateral lip of the groove. The tendon of pectoralis minor arises from the coracoid process medial to the origin of the short head of biceps. Ligaments of the shoulder region such as the coracoclavicular, coracoacromial, coracohumeral are visible, as is the glenohumeral and acromioclavicular joint capsules. The supraspinatus muscle is the only rotator cuff muscle that has been completely preserved. The suprascapular ligament which bridges across the suprascapular notch is also evident on the superior border of the scapula.
At the elbow, the capsule of the joint including the annular ligament of the radius are exposed. The radial collateral ligaments are also just discernable. The ulnar collateral ligament is not visible as the two heads of flexor carpi ulnaris have been retained.
Please Note: Thanks to the flexibility of manufacturing that 3D Printing offers, this model is "printed to order", and is not typically available for immediate shipment. Most models are printed within 15 working days and arrive within 3-5 weeks of ordering, and once an order is submitted to us, it cannot be canceled or altered. Please contact us if you have specific a specific delivery date requirement, and we will do our best to deliver the model by your target date.
Advantages of 3D Printed Anatomical Models
- 3D printed anatomical models are the most anatomically accurate examples of human anatomy because they are based on real human specimens.
- Avoid the ethical complications and complex handling, storage, and documentation requirements with 3D printed models when compared to human cadaveric specimens.
- 3D printed anatomy models are far less expensive than real human cadaveric specimens.
- Reproducibility and consistency allow for standardization of education and faster availability of models when you need them.
- Customization options are available for specific applications or educational needs. Enlargement, highlighting of specific anatomical structures, cutaway views, and more are just some of the customizations available.
Disadvantages of Human Cadavers
- Access to cadavers can be problematic and ethical complications are hard to avoid. Many countries cannot access cadavers for cultural and religious reasons.
- Human cadavers are costly to procure and require expensive storage facilities and dedicated staff to maintain them. Maintenance of the facility alone is costly.
- The cost to develop a cadaver lab or plastination technique is extremely high. Those funds could purchase hundreds of easy to handle, realistic 3D printed anatomical replicas.
- Wet specimens cannot be used in uncertified labs. Certification is expensive and time-consuming.
- Exposure to preservation fluids and chemicals is known to cause long-term health problems for lab workers and students. 3D printed anatomical replicas are safe to handle without any special equipment.
- Lack of reuse and reproducibility. If a dissection mistake is made, a new specimen has to be used and students have to start all over again.
Disadvantages of Plastinated Specimens
- Like real human cadaveric specimens, plastinated models are extremely expensive.
- Plastinated specimens still require real human samples and pose the same ethical issues as real human cadavers.
- The plastination process is extensive and takes months or longer to complete. 3D printed human anatomical models are available in a fraction of the time.
- Plastinated models, like human cadavers, are one of a kind and can only showcase one presentation of human anatomy.
Advanced 3D Printing Techniques for Superior Results
- Vibrant color offering with 10 million colors
- UV-curable inkjet printing
- High quality 3D printing that can create products that are delicate, extremely precise, and incredibly realistic
- To improve durability of fragile, thin, and delicate arteries, veins or vessels, a clear support material is printed in key areas. This makes the models robust so they can be handled by students easily.